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CNA Training & Classes | April 30, 2017

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Communicable Diseases

Health is an important wealth that we should all try to keep. This is why the environment that the care is given in and the food that is offered to patients, are 2 most important aspects of keeping various diseases under control.

Diseases can make anyone get sick especially if they have low immune system. They are classified into two groups which are the non-communicable diseases and the communicable diseases. Communicable diseases are transmittable and can be acquired from one person and then passed to another. When we talk about communicable diseases, the infection is passed to a group of people in a certain area.  The transmission is started by a pathogen or harmful microorganisms which can either be a bacteria, parasites, fungi and even viruses. Among the common pathogens are those that cause the common flu, pneumonia, tuberculosis and many others.

Some communicable diseases are now resistant to the usual antibiotics such as penicillin and its family that is why they are difficult to treat. These diseases can be very harmful and may progress to a more complex forms, especially if they are not treated well. That is why communicable diseases should be treated as early as possible along with the right combination of stronger antibiotics.

Long term illnesses should also not to be taken overlooked either.  Viral infections, influenza and other diseases progress over a long periods of time, if they are not determined early and not treated  properly. It is common that longer the disease has lasted, more difficult it becomes to treat. These diseases are usually organ specific and signs and symptoms may be mistaken by an acute illness. Once a resident is known to have some signs of a certain disease, they should be evaluated immediately, so that they will be treated and the transmission of the disease could be stopped.

Infections are not only limited only to airborne diseases, but also include skin to skin contact. A great example of this is the disease caused by parasites such as mites. These little parasites can cause the disease which we all know as scabies. Untreated scabies not only cause rash and itching, but also it causes shingles which attacks the nerves. This infection can be acquired through skin to skin contact from the person having such disease from its open wounds.

Overall, the best way to not acquire these diseases is to prevent them by stopping in their mode of transmission. This includes proper cleaning and disinfecting of instruments and the environment. If the disease is already present especially inside the facility, then proper treatment and control should be done using the methods, rules and regulations of the facility.